PIG Meeting: 8th July 2021
77yo male with rectosigmoid cancer causing PRB and significant anaemia requiring transfusion recently.
- Severe AS – Balloon valvuloplasty 30th June with reduction in valve gradient to 44mmHg and large improvement in symptoms (SOB and presyncope resolved).
- Minor non-obstructive CAD on angiogram 2020
- Cognitive impairment. MMSE 19/30. Recent delirium in setting of severe anaemia.
- Cerebrovascular disease with old lacunar infarct
- Severe hip OA. THR postponed due to other medical issues.
- Severe aortic stenosis
- Discussed with Dr Hatton (patient’s cardiologist): Very reassured by improvement of symptomatology. Expected deterioration with time. May never be a candidate for TAVI due to cognitive status but may have repeat balloon valvuloplasty in the future.
- Low exercise tolerance with DASI 2.9, however able to climb up/down 4 FOS and walk 100m on flat, slowly with walking stick, no pauses or symptoms.
- Cognitive decline
- Delirium risk perioperatively
- Noticeable decline over last year. Cardiologist said some decline may be attributable to his severe AS, there may be some improvement post- valvuloplasty.
- Perioperative risk
- Long discussion with patient and daughter about NSQIP-guided risks of death (3.6%), serious complications (16%), delirium (21%) and functional decline (44%).
- Daughter insistent that any additional functional needs postop will be catered for with family assistance and care packages at home.
- Pt has a quiet life at home, especially during COVID-era, but enjoys his life and feels strongly that he’d like surgery to give him the best chance of cure. Accepting of risks.
- Palliative radiotherapy (necessary due to current PRB if surgery didn’t proceed) would not be without burden for the patient/family.
- Advanced care planning discussed, and he would like all active measures deemed suitable by the medical team.
- ? optimisation possible
- May need further transfusion or iron preop
- Severe hip OA and cognition make physical prehabilitation challenging
- Aortic valve at its best now, cardiologist suggested ideal to proceed now.
- Repeat FBC and Fe studies
- Proceed with surgery.
- ICU level 2 postop for haemodynamic monitoring/support given severe AS.