PIG Meeting: 24th June 2021
69yo male patient in private hospital for TKR
- NSTEMI March ’20, PCI, converted to single antiplatelet therapy after 12/12
- Admitted recently with unstable angina, possible lateral t wave changes but no trop rise. No angiographic findings suggesting revascularisation required. Some very distal LCA territory disease.
- Recommenced on DAPT.
- Ongoing daily GTN for angina at rest.
- TTE shows mild apical hypokinesis and mildly reduced EF.
- ? Anti-Phospholipid syndrome
- Patient diagnosed at one stage as positive
- Further review by different haematologist and repeat results suggest patient does not have APL syndrome
- Should surgery proceed?
- GP encouraging patient to delay surgery, await further cardiologist review in 3/12
- Cardiologist says patient may proceed with surgery now, happy for w/h of clopidogrel
- Perioperative revascularisation reserved for lesions with a significant vascular territory (left main disease) or symptomatology. ? revasc not being offered despite daily symptoms, as not amenable to stenting.
- Differential diagnosis:
- Non-cardiac cause of chest pain due to essentially normal TTE in the setting of daily rest pain (e.g., recurrent PEs due to APL syndrome)
- Non-anatomical cause for coronary ischaemic pain e.g., coronary artery thromboses from APL syndrome
- ISCHEMIA trial showed that even with moderate to severe obstructive lesions, routine invasive therapy was not associated with a reduction in major adverse cardiac events compared to optimal medical therapy. (See attached article)
- Patient leaning towards delaying surgery (which seems sensible from a purely elective surgery perspective) however, unlikely that anything will change before cardiology review to further guide the decision.
- If surgery does proceed, patient may be a good candidate for postoperative troponin testing.
- APL syndrome
- Confusing picture with alternate haematologist views
- Is perioperative Tranexamic acid safe? Brief literature search suggests, and group consensus was, that TXA use is not associated with increased risk of VTE in this setting.
- ? impact on stent thrombosis risk
- Patient currently postponing surgery
- When/if surgery planned in future, formal discussion with current haematologist to ensure that the APL issue has been fully elucidated
- Further discussion with treating cardiologist to guide postoperative monitoring/investigations given his IHD.